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Vulnerability and violence to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals

Physical physical Violence and vulnerability to HIV/Aids in young homosexuals and bisexuals to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and determine correlations that are possible vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Descriptive research by having an approach that is qualitative utilizing the social representation concept therefore the idea of vulnerability with thematic content analysis, carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of the general general public college when you look at the Southeast area of Brazil, which supplied multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients. Thirteen seroconverted young adults aged between 13 and 24 years participated in the study. The choice criterion ended up being males whom identified by themselves as homosexuals or bisexuals, based on terminology found in the Epidemiologic Bulletin on Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS regarding the Ministry that is brazilian of.

Four thematic groups were discovered: “homophobia and bullying”, “sexual, domestic, and institutional violence”, “search for support”, and “love and passion”.

Young homosexuals and bisexuals experienced repeated circumstances of punishment throughout youth and adolescence, seeing intimate, domestic, and institutional physical violence as the absolute most painful and tough to confront, and which correlate to vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

Illness because of the human being immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has documents of their historic show in Brazil since 1984. Right from the start of this epidemic as much as the days that are current significant epidemiological modifications were based in the populace impacted. Within the first decade, with little knowledge on HIV and Aids, adult homosexuals, injection medication users, and intercourse employees were the absolute most prevalent, representing significantly more than 70% regarding the notified situations. In mid 1990, the disease became frequent among heterosexual women and men with low income and training degree. Afterwards, older people additionally became target of this HIV because of a few facets, such as for example upsurge in durability, not enough information, and individual values distinct from safe intercourse techniques. ( 1 , 2 )

Among young ones, notification instances had been constantly increasing, specially related to straight transmission. Nevertheless, at the time of 2009, a change that is new the epidemiological profile of HIV/Aids had been discovered. The notifications revealed a significant enhance among homosexual and bisexual guys aged between 13 and 24 years. How many notifications nevertheless continues to be in an escalating stripchat curve through to the present 12 months. ( 1 ) This aspect has triggered shock and concern in scientists, educators, activists, and medical experts, such as for instance nurses whom offer care to those people that are young. ( 3 5 ) Concerns are specially directed towards vulnerability of the populace, whom, unlike the elderly and kids, has knowledge and quick access to info on preventive measures to HIV/Aids.

Many researchers bring nuances in their studies, regarding the circumstances of physical physical violence into the life of teenagers; but, without further deepening and making gaps on the relationship of physical physical violence with all the vulnerability of teenage boys who’ve intercourse with guys. ( 3 7 ) consequently, the after concern emerges: “Does physical violence, in its various types, make young homosexuals and bisexuals at risk of HIV/Aids?” Consequently, the aim of the writers of this study that is present to learn the perceptions of young adults whom identify on their own as homosexuals or bisexuals on experienced violence and recognize feasible correlations with vulnerability to HIV/Aids.

A descriptive research by having an approach that is qualitative carried down in the immunodeficiency condition control center of a general public college when you look at the Southeast area of Brazil, which offers multidisciplinary care to HIV/Aids clients.

The social representation concept plus the notion of vulnerability were utilized as theoretical framework that is methodological. The very first seeks knowledge comes from everyday life to manage a specific topic, rendering it familiar, along with looking for dimensions for the imaginary and affective, transcending dichotomy between cognition and feeling. ( 8 ) The second examines early speeches of vulnerability to HIV, understanding them and creating substrates to intervene in it within the three interdependent plans proposed: individual, social, and programmatic. ( 9 )