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Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on TelevisionTalk about nonheterosexual intimate problems…

Same-sex intimate behavior

Every 2-minute period that were coded as containing a minumum of one style of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been examined when it comes to existence of same-sex sexual behavior. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period happened between two different people for the sex that is same.

Discuss nonheterosexual issues that are sexual

Each 2-minute period that have been coded as containing one or more example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the key coding task ( e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) had been additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Because of this product, programmers again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate interests or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Frequently, such reviews associated with gays and lesbians, although sporadically these people were connected with bisexuals.

Intimate commentary involving homosexual and references that are lesbian have purposes except that portraying the intimate issues among these teams such as for example usage by right figures to reaffirm their heterosexuality or to tease another individual. Hence, requirements had been founded to make sure that this product had been coded “yes” for a period only if talk about intercourse involving nonheterosexual references really addressed sexual problems of gays, lesbians, or bisexuals; otherwise, the reviews had been coded within their appropriate talk that is sexual but did not count toward a yes reaction with this product. For instance, if a male character had been to guard his present dating dry spell and not enough sex-life by asserting, “Well, it is not like i am homosexual; i recently have not met the best girl!” such a comment will have been coded in the primary coding task when you look at the intimate talk category “own/others’ intimate passions or actions” because he produced mention of their intimate curiosity about ladies, but the mention of the maybe perhaps not being homosexual will never have counted toward a confident a reaction to the item on mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas.

System Coding

Coder training

When it comes to very first 12 months’s content analysis, 16 pupils (10 females, 6 men) from neighborhood universities served as programmers; within the second 12 months, 13 programmers (8 females, 5 men) who have been either present university students or present graduates carried out the information coding. Six of this programmers labored on both content analyses. The stages of coder training included orientation to your coding task and codebook, large team coding of programs perhaps maybe maybe not when you look at the test with supervisors, last but not least specific coding of training programs where programmers evaluated shows independently after which talked about the outcomes period by period in regular conferences. Initial dependability analyses had been carried out on information gathered through the specific training stage of training to find out whenever coders could continue using the coding task that is actual. The dependability analyses presented below, nevertheless, relate with assessments of coder contract obtained through the coding of the subset of shows into the scheduled program examples.

Coding procedures

Programmers viewed sequential 2-minute periods of program some time coded the existence or lack of intimate behavior and speak about sex linked to nonheterosexuals. Given that coding had been confined to system content and excluded commercials along with other promotions, programmers used kitchen area timers and also the counters from the videocassette recorders to trace 2-minute periods of program time. Coders recorded information on scannable types for every single period because they viewed it. Although programmers had been permitted to carry information forward (i.e., use information presented in previous periods to comprehend this content in subsequent people), these people were maybe perhaps perhaps not permitted to rule backwards (for example., use information learned later in a scheduled system to return and alter the coding in an early on period). All opening credits and the ones shutting credits followed closely by content through the present episode (i.e., one last scene) had been coded.

Interrater Reliability Analyses

Roughly 11 to 12percent for the programs when you look at the system examples (letter = 157 and n = 154 when it comes to very very first and 2nd content analyses, respectively) had been randomly assigned to two programmers for separate coding and dependability evaluation https://camsloveaholics.com/xlovecam-review. After both coders’ information was in fact recorded and analyzed for dependability purposes, the programmers then came across to solve any discrepancies within the two sets of reviews and create your final collection of reviews for the show which was utilized in information analyses of this whole system test. Assessment of dependability ended up being carried out for a basis that is ongoing the 4 to 5 months it took coders to accomplish the whole system test every year. Programs out of each and every genre and each system kind had been contained in the dependability analyses. Genres were represented into the double-coded examples in approximate percentage with their representation when you look at the program that is overall.

The number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing triggered converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) in the 2-minute-interval degree into frequency counts during the system degree (wide range of periods for which same-sex intimate behavior took place the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation associated with proportion of variance within the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For period information for instance the regularity matters utilized right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 had been utilized while the criterion for appropriate reliability. Both products used to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion. The ICC for same-sex behavior that is sexual .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in year 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas had been .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.